Objective Question Papers Medical Surgical Nursing

Objective Question Papers Medical Surgical Nursing
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Medical Surgical Nursing MCQ Question

1. Among the following crutch gaits, which one is considered as Non- weight bearing gait?
(a) 4 point gait
(b) 3 point gait
(c) 2 point gait
(d) Swing through gait

2. As part of rehabilitation to a client who had undergone below knee amputation, the stump bandage is applied using elastic material. The main purpose of this bandage is to __________
(a) Reduce edema
(b) Facilitate wound healing
(c) Facilitate prostheses application
(d) Reduce or arrest bleeding

3. The drug of choice used to treat Gout all, EXCEPT
(a) Colchicine
(b) Allopurinol
(c) Probenecid
(d) Thiazides

4. What is the appropriate infusion time for the dialysate in a patient receiving peritoneal dialysis?
(a) 15 minutes
(b) 30 minutes
(c) 1 hour
(d) 2 to 3 hours

5. The drug that commonly causes aplastic anemia is :
(a) Prednisolone
(b) Penicillin
(c) Monocycline
(d) Chloramphenicol

6. Hemolysis is seen in the deficiency of:
(a) Vit –A
(b) Vit –C
(c) Vit –D
(d) Vit –K

7. The primary presenting features of acute glomerulonephritis are :
(a) Decreased urine specific gravity & Polyuria.
(b) Hematuria & Proteinuria
(c) Increased BUN & serum Creatinine level
(d) Azotemia & oliguria

8. The most accurate laboratory test for renal function is :
(a) Blood urea nitrogen
(b) Urinalysis
(c) Creatinine clearance
(d) Serum Creatinine

9. Which of the following disorders results from a deficiency of factor VIII?
(a) Sickle cell disease
(b) Christmas disease
(c) Hemophilia A
(d) Hemophilia B

10. Which of the following cells is the precursor to the red blood cell (RBC)?
(a) B cell
(b) Macrophage
(c) Stem cell
(d) T cell

11. The primary purpose of the Schilling test is to measure the client’s ability to:
(a) Store vitamin B12
(b) Digest vitamin B12
(c) Absorb vitamin B12
(d) Produce vitamin B12

12. Which type of Urinary Incontinence is characterized by loss of small amounts of urine when intraabdominal pressure increases?
(a) Reflex
(b) Stress
(c) Overflow
(d) Urge

13. The nurse is checking the post-void residual urine measurement in a patient, how much residual urine would indicate that further tests are needed?
(a) Less than 50 mL
(b) Less than 100 mL
(c) 50 mL or more
(d) 100 mL or more

14. The _____________ (applying pressure over the symphysis pubis with the fingers of one or both hands) may promote complete bladder emptying.
(a) Crede method
(b) Valsalva maneuver
(c) Neurogenic bladder
(d) Urinary catheterization

15. Drugs with ____________ effects may cause urinary retention.
(a) Cholinergic
(b) Anticholinergic
(c) Diuretics
(d) Urinary Analgesics

16. A twenty-seven year-old woman complains of heavy menstrual periods, ease of bruising and excessive bleeding following a dental procedure. She has a normal platelet count, normal PT, but slightly prolonged aPTT. Which of the following, test that will most likely make the diagnosis:
(a) Ristocetin cofactor
(b) Factor VII assay
(c) Test for anticardiolipin antibodies
(d) All of the above.

17. Which of the following hormone is not responsible for sodium and water regulation in the body?
(a) Atrial natriuretic peptide
(b) Aldosterone
(c) ADH
(d) Angiotensin H

18. The maximum amount of a substance that is reabsorbed back into the body from the kidney tubules is called
(a) Tubular secretion
(b) Pinocytosis
(c) Renal threshold
(d) Tubular reabsorption

19. The dynamic process through which the body maintains balance by constantly adjusting to internal and external stimuli is called
(a) Permeability
(b) Adaptation
(c) Homeostasis
(d) Active transport

20. Mr. Jones is complaining of difficulty urinating. A urine specimen obtained from this patient reveals the following information: voided quantity, 100 cc; color, amber; pH, 6.4; specific gravity, 1.035; and no blood, bacteria, or albumin present. Based on this information, conclude that Mr. Jones most likely has which of the following conditions?
(a) Fluid overload
(b) Chronic renal failure
(c) Kidney infection
(d) Dehydration

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